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The term “mortar” comes from the Latin word Mortarium. This means griddle or bowl.
In the Roman Empire, a mortar was the name for a ceramic vessel, which was used to grind and mix milk products, herbs and spices. Nowadays, a mortar is used.
The mortar can consist of porcelain, agate, corundum, marble, granite, serpentinite, glass, melamine, bronze, iron or wood. It serves for the breaking of plant parts and powdery substances.
There are mortars, fancy cups, godfathers and mortars.
While mortars have a thick vascular walls with smooth inside, fancy cups and godparents are smooth inside. They have thinner walls. Mortars have a rough surface.
Modern mortars are made of porcelain. Inside, they have a rough surface. The pestle is also roughened.
The friction material is crushed with circling movements, which are carried out with slight pressure. Mortars are not suitable for greasy or oily substances. The radius of curvature of the mortar is always bigger than that of the pistol.
To prevent slipping, mortars have attached a rubber ring at the bottom of the bowls.
A pestle is a tool which is used to crush the ingredients in a heavy-walled mortar. The spherical end is roughened.
Pestles are used to crush material. They do not have to be suitable for rubbing. Since many ingredients have to be comminuting after crushing, many pestles are also a pistils.
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